Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 65(5), 2003, pp. 678-694
Liu, G., Healey, C. G., & Enns, J. T. (2003). Target detection and localization in visual search: A dual systems perspective. Perception & Psychophysics, 65(5), 678–694.
Liu, G., C. G. Healey, and J. T. Enns. “Target Detection and Localization in Visual Search: A Dual Systems Perspective.” Perception & Psychophysics 65, no. 5 (2003): 678–694.
Liu, G., et al. “Target Detection and Localization in Visual Search: A Dual Systems Perspective.” Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 65, no. 5, 2003, pp. 678–94.
The dual visual systems framework (Milner & Goodale, 1995) was used to explore target detection and localization in visual search. Observers searched for a small patch of tilted bars against a dense background of upright bars. Target detection was performed along with two different localization tasks: direct pointing, designed to engage the dorsal stream, and indirect pointing, designed to engage the ventral stream. The results indicated that (1) target detection was influenced more by orientation differences in 3-D space than by 2-D pictorial differences, (2) target localization was more accurate for direct than for indirect pointing, and (3) there were performance costs for indirect localization when it followed target detection, but not for direct localization. This is consistent with direct localization’s having greater dependence on the dorsal visual system than either target detection or indirect localization.